Resources

Resources

Here you find an open-ended list of references that members of the polycentricity network considered useful in their studies of polycentric governance. Sources relate to various fields of the study of polycentricity (networks, multi-level governance, federalism, etc.) and more fields and references should be added.
Readers may wish to start with these collections:

Michael D. McGinnis, ed. (1999) Polycentric Governance and Development: Readings from the Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press

Michael D. McGinnis, ed. (1999) Polycentricity and Local Public Economies: Readings from the Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press

Michael D. McGinnis, ed. (2000) Polycentric Games and Institutions: Readings from the Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press

Daniel H. Cole and Michael D. McGinnis, eds. (2015) Elinor Ostrom and the Bloomington School of Political Economy, Volume 1: Polycentricity in Public Administration and Political Science. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books

Acheson, James M. (2006) “Institutional Failure in Resource Management.” Annual Review of Anthropology. Volume 35, pp. 117-134 [online] doi:10.1146/annurev.anthro.35.081705.123238

Ackerman, John (2004) “Co-Governance for Accountability: Beyond ‘Exit’ and ‘Voice’.” World Development. Volume 32, Number 3, pp. 447-463

Adger, W. Neil, Katrina Brown, and Emma L. Tompkins (2005) “The Political Economy of Cross-Scale Networks in Resource Co-Management.” Ecology and Society. Volume 10, Nuber 2, Article 9 www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol10/iss2/art9

Albin, Peter S. (1998) Barriers and Bounds to Rationality: Essays on Economic Complexity and Dynamics in Interactive Systems. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press

Alexander, Ernest R. (1993) “Interorganizational Coordination: Theory and Practice.” Journal of Planning Literature. Volume 7, Number 4 (May), pp. 328-343

Alexander, Ernest R. (1995) How Organizations Act Together: Interorganizational Coordination in Theory and Practice. Langhorne, PA: Gordon and Breach

Aligica, Paul Dragos (2006) “Institutional and Stakeholder Mapping: Frameworks for Policy Analysis and Institutional Change.” Public Organization Review. Volume 6, Number 1 (March), pp. 79-90

Aligica, Paul Dragos (2014) Institutional Diversity and Political Economy: The Ostroms and Beyond. New York, NY: Oxford University Press

Aligica, Paul Dragos and Peter J. Boettke (2009) Challenging Institutional Analysis and Development: The Bloomington School. New York, NY: Routledge

Aligica, Paul D. and Vlad Tarko (2012) “Polycentricity: From Polanyi to Ostrom, and Beyond.” Governance. Volume 25, Number 2 (April), pp. 237-262

Aligica, Paul Dragos and Vlad Tarko (2013) “Co-Production, Polycentricity, and Value Heterogeneity: The Ostroms’ Public Choice Institutionalism Revisited.” American Political Science Review. Volume 107, Number 4 (November), pp. 726-741

Anderies, John M., Marco A. Janssen, and Edella Schlager (2016) “Institutions and the Performance of Coupled Infrastructure Systems.” International Journal of the Commons. Volume 10, Number 2, pp. 495-516

Andersson, Krister P. and Elinor Ostrom (2008) “Analyzing Decentralized Resource Regimes from a Polycentric Perspective.” Policy Sciences. Volume 41, Number 1 (March), pp. 71-93

Ansell, C. and A. Gash (2008) “Collaborative Governance in Theory and Practice.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory. Volume 18, Number 4, pp. 543-

Armitage, Derek (2008) “Governance and the Commons in a Multi-Level World.” International Journal of the Commons. Volume 2, Number 1 (January), pp. 7-32

Armitage, Derek R., Ryan Plummer, Fikret Berkes, Robert I. Arthur, Anthony T. Charles, Iain J. Davidson-Hunt, Alan P. Diduck, Nancy C. Doubleday, Derek S. Johnson, Melissa Marschke, Patrick McConney, Evelyn W. Pinkerton, and Eva K. Wollenberg (2009) “Adaptive Co-Management for Social-Ecological Complexity.” Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. Volume 7, Number 2 (March), pp. 95-102

Axelrod, Robert and Michael D. Cohen (2000) Harnessing Complexity: Organizational Implications of a Scientific Frontier. New York, NY: Basic Books

Bache, Ian and Matthew V. Flinders, eds. (2004) Multi-Level Governance. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press

Bae, Jungah and Richard C. Feiock (2012) “Managing Multiplexity: Coordinating Multiple Services at a Regional Level.” State and Local Government Review. Volume 44, Number 2 (June), pp. 162-168

Baldwin, Elizabeth, Camille Washington-Ottombre, Jampel Dell’Angelo, Daniel Cole, and Tom Evans (2016) “Polycentric Governance and Irrigation Reform in Kenya. Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions. Volume 29, Number 2 (April), pp. 207-225

Bardach, Eugene (1998) Getting Agencies to Work Together: The Practice and Theory of Managerial Craftsmanship. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution

Bardhan, Pranab (2002) “Decentralization of Governance and Development.” Journal of Economic Perspectives. Volume 16, Number 4 (Autumn), pp. 185-205

Bartley, Tim, Krister Andersson, Pamela Jagger, and Frank van Laerhoven (2008) “The Contribution of Institutional Theories to Explaining Decentralization of Natural Resource Governance.” Society and Natural Resources. Volume 21, Number 2, pp. 160-174

Basurto, Xavier (2013) “Linking Multi-Level Governance to Local Common-Pool Resource Theory Using Fuzzy-Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis: Insights from Twenty Years of Biodiversity Conservation in Costa Rica.” Global Environmental Change. Volume 23, Number 3 (June), pp. 573-587

Batjargal, Bat (2010) “The Effects of Networks’ Structural Holes: Polycentric Institutions, Product Portfolio, and New Venture Growth in China and Russia.” Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal. Volume 4, Number 2 (June), pp. 146-163

Batjargal, Bat, Michael A. Hitt, Anne S. Tsui, Jean-Luc Arregle, Justin W. Webb, and Toyah L. Miller (2013) “Institutional Polycentrism, Entrepreneurs’ Social Networks, and New Venture Growth.” Academy of Management Journal. Volume 56, Number 4 (August), pp. 1024-1049

Bednar, Jenna (2004) “Authority Migration in Federations: A Framework for Analysis.” PS: Political Science and Politics. Volume 37, Number 3 (July), pp. 403-408

Bednar, Jenna (2009) The Robust Federation: Principles of Design. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press

Bensman, J. and A. Vidich (1975) Metropolitan Communities. New York, NY: New Viewpoints

Benz, Arthur (1987) “Regulation and Decentralization.” In Federalism and the Role of the State. Herman Bakvis and William Chandler, eds. Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press, pp. 127-146

Berardo, Ramiro (2014) “The Evolution of Self-Organizing Communication Networks in High-Risk Social-Ecological Systems.” International Journal of the Commons. Volume 8, Number 1 (February), pp. 236-258

Berardo, Ramiro, Tanya Heikkila, and Andrea K. Gerlak (2014) “Interorganizational Engagement in Collaborative Environmental Management: Evidence from the South Florida Ecosystem Restoration Task Force.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory. Volume 24, Number 3 (July), pp. 697-719

Berardo, Ramiro and Mark Lubell (2016) “Understanding What Shapes a Polycentric Governance System.” Public Administration Review. Doi:10.1111/puar.12532

Berardo, Ramiro, Tomas Olivier, and Anthony Lavers (2015) “Focusing Events and Changes in Ecologies of Policy Games: Evidence from the Parana River Delta.” Review of Policy Research. Volume 32, Number 4 (July), pp. 443-464

Berardo, Ramiro and John T. Scholz (2010) “Self-Organizing Policy Networks: Risk, Partner Selection, and Cooperation in Estuaries.” American Journal of Political Science. Volume 54, Number 3 (July), pp. 632-649

Berkes, Fikret (2006) “From Community-Based Resource Management to Complex Systems: The Scale Issue and Marine Commons.” Ecology and Society 11(1): 45 [online] www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol11/iss1/art45

Berkes, Fikret (2007) “Community-Based Conservation in a Globalized World.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Volume 104, Number 39 (September 25), pp. 15188-15193

Berkes, Fikret (2009) “Evolution of Co-management: Role of Knowledge Generation, Bridging Organizations and Social Learning.” Journal of Environmental Management. Volume 90, Number 5 (April), pp. 1692-1702

Berkes, Fikret, Johan Colding, and Carl Folke, eds. (2003) Navigating Social-Ecological Systems: Building Resilience for Complexity and Change. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press

Berkes, Fikret and Carl Folke, eds. (1998) Linking Social and Ecological Systems: Management Practices and Social Mechanisms for Building Resilience. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press

Biela, Jan and Annika Hennl (2010) “The Distinct Effects of Federalism and Decentralization on Performance.” In New Directions in Federalism Studies. Jan Erk and Wilfried Swenden, eds. Abingdon, UK: Routledge, pp. 157-171

Biermann, Frank (2014) Earth System Governance: World Politics in the Anthropocene. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press

Bingham, Lisa Blomgren and Rosemary O’Leary, eds. (2008) Big Ideas in Collaborative Public Management. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe

Bish, Robert (1971) The Public Economy of Metropolitan Areas. Chicago, IL: Markham

Bish, Robert and Vincent Ostrom (1973) Understanding Urban Government. Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute

Bissix, Glyn and Judith A. Rees (2001) “Can Strategic Ecosystem Management Succeed in Multiagency Environments?” Ecological Applications. Volume 11, Number 2 (April), pp. 570-583

Bixler, R. Patrick, Jampel Dell’Angelo, Orleans Mfune, and Hassan Roba (2015) “The Political Ecology of Participatory Conservation: Institutions and Discourse.” Journal of Political Ecology. Volume 22, pp. 164-182

Black, Julia (2008) “Constructing and Contesting Legitimacy and Accountability in Polycentric Regulatory Regimes.” Regulation & Governance. Volume 2, Number 2 (June), pp. 137-164

Blair, Robert and Christian L. Janousek (2013) “Collaborative Mechanisms in Interlocal Cooperation: A Longitudinal Examination.” State and Local Government Review. Volume 45, Number 4 (December), pp. 268-282

Blom-Hansen, J. (1997) “A New Institutional Perspective on Policy Networks.” Public Administration. Volume 75, pp. 669-693

Bodin, Orjan, Garry Robins, Ryan R.J. McAllister, Angela M. Guerrero, Beatrice Crona, Maria Tengo, and Mark Lubell (2016) “Theorizing Benefits and Constraints in Collaborative Environmental Governance: A Transdiciplinary Social-Ecological Network Approach for Empirical Investigations.” Ecology and Society. Volume 21, Number 1, Article 40

Boettke, Peter J. and Christopher J. Coyne (2005) “Methodological Individualism, Spontaneous Order and the Research Program of the Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis.” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. Volume 57, Number 2 (June), pp. 145-158

Boettke, Peter and Nicholas Snow (2014) “Political Economy and the Science of Association: A Suggested Reconstruction of Public Choice through the Alliance of the Vienna, Virginia, and Bloomington Schools of Political Economy.” Review of Austrian Economics. Volume 27, Number 1, pp. 97-110

Bolleyer, Nicole (2013) “Paradoxes of Self-Coordination in Federal Systems.” In Federal Dynamics: Continuity, Change, and the Varieties of Federalism. Arthur Benz and Jorg Broschek, eds. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, pp. 321-340

Bouwen, Rene and Tharsi Taillieu (2004) “Multiparty Collaboration as Social Learning for Interdependence: Developing Relational Knowing for Sustainable Natural Resources Management.” Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology. Volume 14, Number 3 (May/June), pp. 137-153

Bressers, Hans Th.A. and Kuks (2004) “What Does Governance Mean? From Concept to Elaboration.” In Achieving Sustainable Development: The Challenge of Governance Across Scales. Hans Th.A. Bressers and Walter A Rosenbaum, eds. New York, NY: Praeger

Briffault, Richard (1991) “Home Rule, Majority Rule, and Dillon’s Rule.” Chicago-Kent Law Review. Volume 67, Number 3, pp. 1011-1024

Brock, William A. and Stephen R. Carpenter (2007) “Panaceas and Diversification of Environmental Policy.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Volume 104, Number 39 (September 25), pp. 15206-15211

Brondizio, Eduardo S., Elinor Ostrom, and Oran R. Young (2009) “Connectivity and the Governance of Multilevel Social-Ecological Systems.” Annual Review of Environment and Resources. Volume 34, pp. 253-278

Brosius, J. Peter, Anna L. Tsing, and Charles Zerner (1998) “Representing Communities: Histories and Politics of Community-Based Natural Resource Management.” Society and Natural Resources. Volume 11, Number 2 (March), pp. 157-168

Brown, A. Lee (1981) Rules and Conflict: An Introduction to Political Life and Its Study. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall

Bulkeley, Harriet (2005) “Reconfiguring Environmental Governance: Towards a Politics of Scales and Networks.” Political Geography. Volume 24, pp. 875-902

Burger, Martijn and Evert Meijers (2012) “Form Follows Function? Linking Morphological and Functional Polycentricity.” Urban Studies. Volume 49, Number 5 (April), pp. 1127-1149

Callebaut, Werner and Diego Rasskin-Gutman, eds. (2005) Modularity: Understanding the Development and Evolution of Natural Complex Systems. Cambridge, MA: Bradford Books

Campbell, Allan and Judith Dollenmeyer (1975) “Governance in a Metropolitan Society.” In Metropolitan America. Amos H. Hawley and Vincent Rock, eds. New York, NY: Wiley, pp. 355-396

Campbell, Colin and B. Guy Peters, eds. (1988) Organizing Governance, Governing Organizations. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press

Campbell, Donald T. (1965) “Variation and Selective Retention in Socio-Cultural Evolution.” In Social Change in Developing Areas: A Reinterpretation of Evolutionary Theory. H.R. Barringer, G.I. Blanksten, and R.W. Mack, eds. Cambridge, MA: Schenkman, pp. 19-49

Carlsson, Lars (2000) “Policy Networks as Collective Action.” Policy Studies Journal. Volume 28, Number 3, pp. 502-520

Carlsson, Lars and Fikret Berkes (2005) “Co-Management: Concepts and Methodological Implications.” Journal of Environmental Management. Volume 75, Number 1 (April), pp. 65-76

Carlsson, Lars and Annica Sandstrom (2008) “Network Governance of the Commons.” International Journal of the Commons. Volume 2, Number 1, pp. 33-54

Carr, Jered B. (2006) “Local Government Autonomy and State Reliance on Special District Governments: A Reassessment.” Political Research Quarterly. Volume 59, Number 3 (September), pp. 481-492

Carr, Jered and Richard Feiock, eds. (2004) City-County Consolidation and Its Alternatives: Reshaping the Local Government Landscape. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe

Carr, Jered and Christopher V. Hawkins (2013) “The Costs of Cooperation: What the Research Tells Us about Managing the Risks of Service Collaborations in the U.S.” State and Local Government Review. Volume 45, Number 4 (December), pp. 224-239

Carroll, C.M. and J.R. Stanfield (2003) “Social Capital, Karl Polanyi, and American Social and Institutional Economics.” Journal of Economic Issues. Volume 37, Number 2, pp. 397-404

Cash, David W., W. Neil Adger, Fikret Birkes, Po Garden, Louis Lebel, Per Olsson, Lowell Pritchard, and Oran Young (2006) “Scale and Cross-Scale Dynamics: Governance and Information in a Multi-Level World.” Ecology and Society. Volume 11, Number 2, Article 8

Castles, Francis (2000) “Federalism, Fiscal Decentralization, and Economic Performance.” In Federalism and Political Performance. Uwe Wachendorfer-Schmidt, ed. New York, NY: Routledge

Chhotray, Vasudha and Gerry Stoker (2009) Governance Theory and Practice: A Cross-Disciplinary Approach. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave/Macmillan

Chisholm, Donald (1989) Coordination Without Hierarchy: Informal Structures in Multiorganizational Systems. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press

Cohen, Alice (2014) “Rescaling Environmental Governance: The Case of Watersheds as Scale-Sensitive Governance?” In Scale-Sensitive Governance of the Environment. Frans Padt, Paul Opdam, Nico Polman, and Catrien Termeer, eds. Oxford, UK, John Wiley & Sons, pp. 172-187

Cohen, John M. and Stephen B. Peterson (1996) “Methodological Issues in the Analysis of Decentralization.” Development Discussion Paper No. 555. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Institute for International Development

Cole, Daniel H. (2011) “From Global to Polycentric Governance.” Climate Law. Volume 2, pp. 395-

Cole, Daniel (2013) “The Varieties of Comparative Institutional Analysis.” Wisconsin Law Review. Volume 2013, Number 2, pp. 383-409

Cole, Daniel, Graham Epstein, and Michael McGinnis (2014) “Digging Deeper into Hardin’s Pasture: The Complex Institutional Structure of the Tragedy of the Commons.” Journal of Institutional Economics.

Cole, Daniel H. and Michael D. McGinnis, eds. (2015) Elinor Ostrom and the Bloomington School of Political Economy, Volume 2: Resource Governance. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books

Colfer, Carol J. Pierce (2005) The Complex Forest: Communities, Uncertainty, and Adaptive Collaborative Management. Washington, DC: RFF Press

Conway, Ryan (2012) “Ideas for Change: Making Meaning Out of Economic and Institutional Diversity.” In The Wealth of the Commons: A World Beyond Market and State. David Bollier and Silke Helfrich, eds. Amherst, MA: Leveller’s Press, pp. 361-368

Coppedge, Michael and Wolfgang H. Reinicke (1990) “Measuring Polyarchy.” Studies in Comparative International Development. Volume 25, Number 1 (Spring), pp. 51-72

Cox, K.R. (1998) “Spaces of Dependence, Spaces of Engagement and the Politics of Scale, or: Looking for Local Politics.” Political Geography. Volume 16

Cox, Michael, Gwen Arnold, and Sergio Villamayor Tomas (2010) “A Review of Design Principles for Community-Based Natural Resource Management.” Ecology and Society. Volume 15, Number 4, Article 38

Crona, Beatrice I. and John N. Parker (2012) “Learning in Support of Governance: Theories, Methods, and a Framework to Assess How Bridging Organizations Contribute to Adaptive Resource Governance.” Ecology and Society. Volume 17, Number 1, Article 32

Cumming, Graeme S. and John Collier (2005) “Change and Identity in Complex Systems.” Ecology and Society. Volume 10, Number 1, Article 29

Curtis, A, et al. (2014) “The Great Experiment with Devolved NRM Governance: Lessons from Community Engagement in Australia and New Zealand Since the 1980s.” Australasian Journal of Environmental Management. Volume 21, Number 2, pp. 175-199

da Silveira, Andre R. and Keith S. Richards (2013) “The Link Between Polycentrism and Adaptive Capacity in River Basin Governance Systems: Insights from the River Rhine and the Zhujiang (Pearl River) Basin.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers. Volume 103, Number 2 (March), pp. 319-329

Dahl, Robert A. (1984) “Polyarchy, Pluralism, and Scale.” Scandinavian Political Studies. Volume 7 (New Series), Number 4, pp. 225-240

Derthick, Martha, ed. (1999) Dilemmas of Scale in America’s Federal Democracy. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press

Dewulf, A., M. Craps, R. Bouwen, T. Taillieu, and Claudia Pahl-Wostl (2005) “Integrated Management of Natural Resources: Dealing with Ambiguous Issues, Multiple Actors and Diverging Frames.” Water Science and Technology. Volume 52, Number 6, pp. 115-124

Disco, Nil and Eda Kranakis, eds. (2013) Cosmopolitan Commons: Sharing Resources and Risks Across Borders. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press

Donahue, J.D. and Mark A. Pollack (2001) “Centralization and Its Discontents: The Rhythms of Federalism in the United States and the European Union.” In The Federal Vision: Legitimacy and Levels of Governance in the United States and the European Union. Nicolaidis and Howse, eds. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, pp. 73-117

Duit, Andreas and Victor Galaz (2008) “Governance and Complexity—Emerging Issues for Governance Theory.” Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions. Volume 21, Number 3 (July), pp. 311-335

Edelenbos, Jurian and Erik-Hans Klijn (2007) “Trust in Complex Decision-Making Networks: A Theoretical and Empirical Explanation.” Administration and Society. Volume 39, Number 1 (March), pp. 25-50

Emerson, Kirk and Andrea K. Gerlak (2014) “Adaptation in Collaborative Governance Regimes.” Environmental Management. Volume 54, Number 4 (October), pp. 768-781

Emerson, Kirk and Tina Nabatchi (2015) Collaborative Governance Regimes. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press

Evans, Peter (2004) “Development as Institutional Change: The Pitfalls of Monocropping and the Potentials of Deliberation.” Studies in Comparative Institutional Development. Volume 39, Number 4, pp. 30-52

Fahey, Bridget K. and Sarah B. Pralle (2016) “Governing Complexity: Recent Developments in Environmental Politics and Policy.” Policy Studies Journal. Volume 44, Number S1 (May), pp. S28-S49

Fairbrass, Jenny and Andrew Jordan (2004) “Multi-Level Governance and Environmental Policy.” In Multi-Level Governance. Ian Bache and Matthew V. Flinders, eds. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, pp. 147-164

Fall, J.J. (2005) Drawing the Line: Nature, Hybridity, and Politics in Transboundary Spaces. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate

Feiock, Richard C., ed. (2004) Metropolitan Governance: Conflict, Competition, and Cooperation. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press

Feiock, Richard C. (2013) “The Institutional Collective Action Framework.” Policy Studies Journal. Volume 41, Number 3 (August), pp. 397-425

Filipov, Mikhail, Peter C. Ordeshook, and Olga Shvetsova (2004) Designing Federalism: A Theory of Self-Sustainable Federal Institutions. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press

Folke, Carl, Lowell Pritchard, Jr., Fikret Birkes, Johan Colding, and Uno Svedin (2007) “The Problem of Fit between Ecosystems and Institutions: Ten Years Later.” Ecology and Society. Volume 12, Number 1, Article 30

Foster, John (2006) “Why Is Economics Not a Complex Systems Science? Journal of Economic Issues. Volume 40, Number 4 (December), pp. 1069-1091

Frey, Bruno S. and Reiner Eichenberger (2000) The New Democratic Federalism for Europe: Functional, Overlapping, and Competing Jurisdictions. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar

Galaz, Victor, Beatrice Crona, Henrik Osterblom, Per Olsson, and Carl Folke (2012) “Polycentric Systems and Interacting Planetary Boundaries—Emerging Governance of Climate Change—Ocean Acidification—Marine Biodoversity.” Ecological Economics. Volume 81 (September), pp. 21-32

Galaz, Victor, Per Olsson, Thomas Hahn, Carl Folke, and Uno Svedin (2008) “The Problem of Fit among Biophysical Systems, Environmental and Resource Regimes, and Broader Governance Systems: Insights and Emerging Challenges.” In Institutions and Environmental Change: Principal Findings, Applications and Research Frontiers. Oran R. Young, Leslie A. King, and Heike Schroeder, eds. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 147-186

Gallego-Alvarez, Isabel and Maria Jose Fernandez-Gomez (2016) “Governance, Environmental and Economic Factors: An International Analysis.” Environmental Policy and Governance. Volume 26, Number 1 (Jan./Feb.), pp. 29-44

Gallotti, Riccardo, Mason A. Porter, and Marc Barthelemy (2016) “Lost in Transportation: Information Measures and Cognitive Limits in Multilayer Navigation.” Science Advances. Volume 2, Number 2 (February 19) doi:10.1126/sciadv.1500445

Garmestani, Ahjond S. and Melinda Harm Benson (2013) “A Framework for Resilience-Based Governance of Social-Ecological Systems.” Ecology and Society. Volume 18, Number 1, Article 9

Gehring, Thomas and Sebastian Oberthur (2008) “Interplay: Exploring Institutional Interactions.” In Institutions and Environmental Change: Principal Findings, Applications and Research Frontiers. Oran R. Young, Leslie A. King, and Heike Schroeder, eds. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 187-223

Giest, Sarah and Michael Howlett (2014) “Understanding the Pre-Conditions of Commons Governance: The Role of Network Management.” Environmental Science and Policy. Volume 36 (February), pp. 37-47

Green, Nick (2007) “Functional Polycentricity: A Formal Definition in Terms of Social Network Analysis.” Urban Studies. Volume 44, Number 11 (October), pp. 2077-2103

Gruby, Rebecca L. and Xavier Basurto (2014) “Multi-Level Governance for Large Marine Commons: Politics and Polycentricity in Palau’s Protected Area Network.” Environmental Science & Policy. Volume 36 (February), pp. 48-60

Grzeszczak, Robert and Ireneusz Pawel Karolewski, eds. (2012) The Multi-Level and Polycentric European Union. Zurich: Lit-Verlag

Gupta, Joyeeta (2008) “Global Change: Analyzing Scale and Scaling in Environmental Governance.” In Institutions and Environmental Change: Principal Findings, Applications and Research Frontiers. Oran R. Young, Leslie A. King, and Heike Schroeder, eds. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 225-258

Hagedorn, Konrad (2008) “Particular Requirements for Institutional Analysis in Nature-Related Sectors.” European Review of Agricultural Economics. Volume 35, Number 3 (September), pp. 357-384 [Note: error corrections for one table and one sentence appear in Volume 35, Number 4.]

Hale, Kathleen (2011) How Information Matters: Networks and Public Policy Innovation. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press

Hanf, Kenneth and Fritz Scharpf, eds. (1978) Interorganizational Policy Making: Limits to Coordination and Central Control. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications

Hanf, Kenneth and Theo Toonen, eds. (1985) Policy Implementation in Federal and Unitary Systems. Boston, MA: Martinus Nijhoff

Heikkila, Tanya and Andrea K. Gerlak (2005) “The Formation of Large-Scale Collaborative Resource Management Institutions: Clarifying the Roles of Stakeholders, Science and Institutions.” Policy Studies Journal. Volume 33, pp. 583-611

Henry, Adam Douglas and Bjorn Vollan (2014) “Networks and the Challenge of Sustainable Development.” Annual Review of Environment and Resources. Volume 39, pp. 583-610

Hoffman, A.J. and M.J. Ventresca, eds. (2002) Organizations, Policy and the Natural Environment: Institutional and Strategic Perspectives. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press

Holland, John H. (1995) Hidden Order: How Adaptation Builds Complexity. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley

Hollick, Malcolm (1993) “Self-Organizing Systems and Environmental Management.” Environmental Management. Volume 17, Number 5 (September), pp. 621-628

Holling, C.S. (2001) “Understanding the Complexity of Economic, Ecological, and Social Systems.” Ecosystems. Volume 4, Number 5 (August), pp. 390-405

Holling, C.S. (2004) “From Complex Regions to Complex Worlds.” Ecology and Society 9(1): 11 [online] www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol9/iss1/art11

Hooghe, Liesbet and Gary Marks (2003) “Unraveling the Central State, but How? Types of Multi-Level Governance.” American Political Science Review. Volume 97, Number 2 (May), pp. 233-243

Hult, Karen M. and Charles Walcott (1989) “Organizational Design as Public Policy.” Policy Studies Journal. Volume 17, Number 3 (Spring), pp. 469-494

Huntjens, Patrick, Louis Lebel, Claudia Pahl-Wostl, Jeff Camkin, Roland Schulze, and Nicole Kranz (2012) “Institutional Design Propositions for the Governance of Adaptation to Climate Change in the Water Sector.” Global Environmental Change. Volume 22, Number 1 (February), pp. 67-81

Ingram, Helen M. and S. Ullery (1980) “Policy Innovation and Institutional Fragmentation.” Policy Studies Journal. Volume 8, Number 5, pp. 664-682

Innes, Judith E. and David E. Booher (1999) “Consensus Building and Complex Adaptive Systems: A Framework for Evaluating Collaborative Planning.” Journal of the American Planning Association. Volume 65, Number 4 (Autumn), pp. 412-423

Jackson, Kenneth T. (1972) “Metropolitan Government versus Suburban Autonomy: Politics on the Crabgrass Frontier.” In Cities in American History. Kenneth Jackson and Stanley Schultz, eds. New York, NY: Knopf

Jackson, Matthew O. (2008) “Representing and Measuring Networks.” In Social and Economic Networks. Matthew O. Jackson, ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, pp. 20-53

Janssen, Marco A. (2002) Complexity and Ecosystem Management. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar

Janssen, Marco, John M. Anderies, and Elinor Ostrom (2007) “Robustness of Social-Ecological Systems to Spatial and Temporal Variability.” Society and Natural Resources. Volume 20, pp. 307-322

Jordan, Andrew J. (1999) “The Construction of a Multilevel Environmental Governance System.” Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy. Volume 17, pp. 1-17

Jordan, Andrew, Dave Huitema, Mikael Hilden, Harro van Asselt, Tim Rayner, Jonas, Schoenefeld, Jale Tosun, Johanna Forster, and Elin Boasson (2015) “Emergence of Polycentric Climate Governance and Its Future Prospects.” Nature Climate Change. Volume 5, pp. 977-982, doi:10.1038/nclimate2725

Karkkainen, Bradley C. (2002) “Collaborative Ecosystem Governance: Scale, Complexity, and Dynamism.” Virginia Environmental Law Journal. Volume 21, Number 2, pp. 189-243

Kauffman, Stuart A. (1995) At Home in the Universe: The Search for Laws of Self-Organization and Complexity. New York, NY: Oxford University Press

Kauneckis, Derek (2013) “Researching Complex Governance Arrangements: The Impact of the Ostrom Legacy on Research Methods and the Analysis of Institutional Design.” IUCN-Policy Matters.

Kauneckis, Derek and Krister Andersson (2009) “Making Decentralization Work: A Cross-National Examination of Local Government and Natural Resource Management in Latin America.” Studies in Comparative International Development. Volume 44, Number 1, pp. 23-46

Kenyon, Daphne A. and John Kincaid, eds. (1991) Competition among States and Local Governments: Efficiency and Equity in American Federalism. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute Press

Keohane, Robert O. (2001) “Governance in a Partially Globalized World.” American Political Science Review. Volume 95, Number 1 (March), pp. 1-13

Kerber, Wolfgang (2006) “Competition, Knowledge, and Institutions.” Journal of Economic Issues. Volume 40, Number 2 (June), pp. 457-463

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